RI considers communities & local government to be at the centre of development & humanitarian efforts; therefore we endeavor to understand, respect communities, institutions and knowledge systems: we are well positioned because we live within communities; we have vivid understanding, through interaction & relationships. Therefore, one strategy is capacity building, equipping the communities with modern farming techniques that conserve soil and improvise water resources through efficient irrigation schemes. We shall start from where communities are and plan with them: better listening and communication approaches, increased flexibility, should focus on people and institutions rather than preconceived projects.
Promoting integrated multi-sectoral approaches across different sectors and scales.The Pastoralists operate at landscape level often across borders – has to be factored into planning, especially contingency. Secondly, difficulties of getting community input –remoteness, lack of capacity and understanding. Most of the planning processes not linked:contingency, land use, lack of integrated water planning; RI in conjunction with stakeholders will encourage links and co-ordination. Everyone has a responsibility to promote co-ordination and co-ordinate with others.Uniqueness is vital. RI will do things differently and learning from the past; Better knowledge management, institutional memory, independent assessment of impacts. We shall encourage creativity based on action, and building on community’s own systems and approaches. The fact that we live and have worked with pastoralists before we are in strategic position top support do a good job in providing the best answer to agriculture and Dryland governance.Our approach focuses on social and ecological systems rather than individual components; extensive livestock production uses fertile and less fertile areas, cutting off productive areas for crop agriculture, blocking migration routes, promoting enclosures etc. undermines resilience.Linkages between pastoralists and town dwellers, many people reliant on pastoral system even though don’t have cattle, processing trading, social support systems. Pastoralism conserves biodiversity which is a tourism major earner this is not a direct benefit to Dryland users but acontribution to total economic valuations, and ensuring local benefit.
Increasing emphasis on longer term investments and addressing the underlying causes of vulnerability.Underlying causes of vulnerability: power, lack of basic services and infrastructure, land fragmentation, limitations on mobility, population growth: we encourage appropriate and accessible education, governance – capacity building, land rights, economic empowerment –these are long term processes, and can’t be done in short term funding sources.
Recognizing and responding to the different needs, capabilities and aspirations of different individuals, households and communities is our other strategic concern; it ought to be noted that different livelihoods, different wealth groups, gender, age exist in Somaliland. They yet have competing interests – pastoralist exist alongside crop farmers. Powerful elites, clan leaders, tycoons and government are in charge of water, Conflict – land pressure between regions andclans, small arms, discontent with central government: RI need to address this conflict sensitivity, more direct peace building. Empowering and focusing on the most vulnerable within each livelihood group, especially to negotiate resource rights.